An introduction of the Terminal for Mac OS X
Miscellaneous functions and commands in the Terminal for Mac OS X
Syntax: say [-Options] <Phrase to pronounce>
Uses the inbuilt Speech Synthesis manager for Mac to convert a text to audible speech.
Don't forget to surround your text with quotes if it contains spaces.
|-v||Choose which voice to use.|
|-o <filename.aiff>||Save the spoken text as an audio file on your computer|
|-f <filename.txt>||Get the text that shall be spoken from a file.|
|say "The terminal rules"||Outputs the phrase through your speakers.|
|say -o myspeech.aiff "The terminal rules"||Create an audio file myspeech.aiff with the pronounced text.|
|say -f phrases.txt||Read the text to be spoken from the file called phrases.|
cal / ncal
Display a calendar in the Terminal.
Ncal offers a calendar with a slight different layout, and with more options.
|-J||Display Julian Calendar, if combined with the -e option, display date of easter according to the Julian Calendar.|
|-e||Display the date when easter occurs on the given year (or the current year if -y is not set)|
|-j||Display Julian days (days one-based, numbered from January 1).|
|-m <month>||Display the specified month. <month> can both be a numeric value (1-12) or the name of the month.|
|-o||Display the date when the orthodox easter occurs on the given year (or the current year if -y is not set) (Greek and Russian Orthodox Churches)|
|-p||Displays a collection of country codes combined with the date when each country switched from Julian to Gregorian calendar.|
|-s <country code>||Set which country the calendar should be based on. (only works with ncal)|
|-w||Prints out week numbers in the bottom of the calendar. (only works with ncal)|
|-y <år>||Can either be used to set which year the calendar shall use when presenting a calendar month. If -y is the only parameter used you will see a full calendar representation of each month in the given year.|
|cal||Displays a calendar of the current month.|
|ncal||Displays a calendar of the currenth month with the alternative layout.|
|ncal -e||Displays which date easter occurs this year.|
|ncal -e -y 2007||Displays which date easter occured year 2007.|
|ncal -p||Show dates of different countries switch from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar.|
Syntax: afplay [-Options] <filename>
Play audio files directly from the Terminal.
Stop playback by holding down the "Ctrl"-key followed by the "C"-key (Ctrl+C).
|-v <volume>||Set the volume of the playback.|
|afplay test.mp3||Plays the audio file called "test.mp3".|
|afplay ~/Documents/Music/Albums/Song.mp3||Plays an audio file which is located in a certain directory.|
When using afplay as described above you can't do anything else in the Terminal as long as the audio file is being played.
To avoid this you can add "&" after the command to play it in the background. Example:
afplay test.mp3 &
This will make "test.mp3" play in the background while you can do other things in the Terminal window.
If you wan't to stop the playback after using the background playback (&) Ctrl+C won't do the trick anymore. Instead you must write: