An introduction of the Terminal for Mac OS X
- cd - change directory
- ls - list the content of a directory
- pwd - parent working dir
- mkdir - create a new directory
- rm - Remove files and folders
- cp - Copy files and folders
- mv - Move files and folders
- ditto - Move files and folders (advanced)
Syntax: chown <new owner>(:<new group>) <file/directory>
chown is an abbreviation for change owner.
With chown you can change the owner of a certain file or folder.
|chown john myfile.txt||Change the owner of the file "myfile.txt" to the user called "john".|
|chown john:group2 myfile.txt||Change the owner and group membership of the file, where "john" is the name of the new owner, and "group2" is the name of the new group this file will belong to|
Sometimes you might not be able to perform a certain command or task from the Terminal.
This might be because you don't have the right permission to do so.
When that happens you can try to add the word "sudo" in the beginning of the line.
Sudo is an abbreviation of superuser do and means that you want to execute the following command as a user with extended permissions, most often as an Administrator. When using "sudo" you sometimes need to enter the password of the root account.
Learn more about sudo.